Rural Aid wants to help spread the word about our farmers and the wonderful industry they work in. Today’s new fact is at the top of this list, check in every week day at 9am to read our latest Agrifact.
Want a question answered? Ask us and we’ll do our best to find the answer.
In 2015-16 the total value of cotton lint produced in Australia was $1.34 billion.
This is a 41% increase from 2014-15, which is huge!
In 2015-16 the average farming business used 107 megalitres of water.
This is down 4 megalitres from 2014-15!
Number 1 is wheat, to the value of $6.2 billion.
Number 2 is fruit, nuts and grapes to the value of $5.6 billion
Number 3 is vegies, to the value of $3.6 billion
The Food and Agriculture Organization!
It was established in October 1945, with the objects of eliminating hunger and improving nutrition and standards of living by increasing agricultural productivity.
The heaviest egg reported to have been laid by a hen is one of 454 g (16 oz), with a double yolk and double shell, laid by a White Leghorn at Vineland, New Jersey, USA, on 25 February 1956.
The most wool sheared from a sheep in a single shearing is 41.10 kg (90 lb 9.76 oz) from Chris, an errant overgrown sheep rescued by animal charity RSPCA ACT (Australia) and sheared by national shearing champion Ian Elkins in Weston Creek, Australian Capital Territory, on 3 September 2015.
The highest ranking sheep is Lance Corporal Derby XXX (UK), who was promoted to Lance Corporal, at Dale Barracks, Chester, UK, on 1 September 2015.
Lance Corporal Derby XXX is a member of the Mercian Regiment, and was promoted from being a Private, by the Colonel of the regiment; Brigadier Andrew Williams. As a serving member of the British Armed Forces, Lance Corporal Derby XXX is entitled to take a wage, which covers his food and veterinarian bills, and take annual leave, which he takes at Christmas.
The fastest time to shear a single mature sheep is 37.90 seconds by Ivan Scott (Ireland) in Castlepollard, County Westmeath, Ireland on 4 April 2016.
The highest price ever achieved for a sheep is £231,000 ($388,000 AUD), paid by Jimmy Douglas for the eight-month-old Texel tup, Deveronvale Perfection, in Lanark, Scotland, in August 2009. Bred in Banffshire sheep farmer Graham Morrison, this very valuable sheep will be used for breeding purposes.
The sugar industry generates more than 40,000 jobs, directly and indirectly.
Australia exports 80%-85% of its raw sugar to buyers overseas, making it the second largest raw sugar exporter in the world.
In a non-drought year up to 80% of rice grown in Australia is imported.
It goes to the Middle East, North America, and Asia.
“Eighty per cent of rice produced in Australia is of medium grain Japonica varieties. These are commonly known as temperate varieties – grown throughout the world in climates similar to Australia. These climates reach high summer temperatures without the humidity of tropical climates and are well suited to Japonica varieties.”
95% of Australian sugar is grown in Queensland!
The other 5% is grown in a small area of New South Wales.
Interestingly, sugar was also grown in Western Australia from 1990 to 2007.
The major export markets are in the Asian and Middle Eastern Regions
Just under 99%!
Along with just under 90% of farm land in Australia being fully Australian owned.
Grapes come in at Number 1 with 1 728 759t in 2015.
In second place is Oranges with 337 636t, and in third is apples with 295 196t.
In 2012, the least common industry was mushroom growing!
There were only around 100 businesses carrying on mushroom growing in 2012.
In Australia, there were a total of 120 980 business who carried on agricultural activity in 2012.
The most common was beef cattle farming plus beef cattle feedlots, with 38 752 business.
The most common red wine produced in Australia is Shiraz.
The most common white is Chardonnay.
Chardonnay has consistently tripled the production of every other variety of white wine over the last 10 years.
In 2015 Australian agriculture used 9 779 000 ML of water.
This is a decrease of 15.4% from 2013-14.
51% of the crush originates in South Australia, this amounts to 926, 430 tonnes.
The 2016 crush is estimated to have cost $951 million.
This is a 21% increase on the 2015 figure of $788 million.
In what stage of the life cycle of an Australian cotton T-shirt does the most environmental impact occur?
The largest environmental impact occurs in the ‘use’ stage of the garment.
Wearing and washing has a larger impact than production and manufacturing.
Australia is the 8th highest cotton producing country in the world, with 1.9 million bales in 2014/15.
Chickens by far.
In 2015 it was estimated that there were around 7 billion people, and 18-20 billion chickens
The underside of the hoof is called a frog.
It peels off several times a year with new growth.
The average cow spends about 8 hours eating, and another 12 hours regurgitating their food to chew and grind it again. True or false?
It is known as chewing the cud,
This is made up of 9.2kg of fresh pork, and 15kg of processed pork such as ham and bacon.
This is the same for indoor and outdoor pigs.
The ideal growing temperature for older pigs is 20-22 degrees C.
Much like dogs, pigs are unable to perspire and loose heat through their mouths.
John Macarthur purchased his first merino sheep in 1796.
By 1803 the flock owned by John and his wife Elizabeth had grown to over 4000 almost-pure merino sheep.
The Macarthur family. John and his wife Elizabeth established the merino wool industry in Australia.
From the 1840s to the 1850s the Australian economy was said to be riding on the back of which animal?
It was invented in the mid-1880s, and caused quite a stir!
Dunlop station in NSW became the first large mechanised shearing shed in 1888, with 40 shearing stands.
Relatively it is a very minor contributor.
Less than one third of one per cent of Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions are attributable to the cotton industry.
In fact, more than 99% of planted cotton in Australia uses biotechnology.
This has resulted in a number of benefits, such as:
- an 89% decrease in insecticide use over the last decade
- are increased populations of beneficial insects and wildlife in cotton fields
An Australian cotton bale weighs 227kg, which is 500 pounds.
The sheep was the first mammal to be cloned in 1996. Unfortunately “Dolly” only lived 6 years.
Their largest cut flower and foilate export markets are Japan, USA, and Europe.
In addition to shattering some family homes and significantly damaging infrastructure and machinery, initial estimates suggest that $150 million worth of sugarcane crop was lost in the storm.
It is the crushed fibre which remains after sugar cane in milled. It is used as the primary fuel source to generate steam for the mills.
Most cotton is white prior to dyeing.
However certain South African varieties have been found in shades of red, yellow, beige, chocolate, pink, purple, green, striped like a tiger and even spotted like a leopard.
Demin fabric was initially produced in Nimes, France. It was known as fabric of Nimes, or in French ‘serge de Nimes’.
In March 2017, Australia produced 13 700t of Mutton.
This is an increase from 9 800t in March 2012, but down from the March 2014 peak of 20 000t.
In 2015 male farmers outnumbered female farmers, with 77% of farmers identifying as male.
In 2016 there were 22 068 000 meat cattle in Australia.
In 2015 the total area of agricultural holdings in Australia was 384.6 million hectares. Of this, over 80% was used for grazing.
In the 2014/15 financial year Australia produced 21, 895, 000 t of wheat.
What per cent of domestic manufacturing sales and service income does the food industry account for?
What percentage of fresh fruits and vegetables, meat, milk and eggs sold in Australia are produced domestically?
An overwhelming majority of food sold in Australia is grown and supplied by Australian farmers, with figures showing more than 90% is domestically produced.
In 2015 477, 000 people were employed in the Agriculture industry in Australia.